黑土有机碳与保护性耕作学科组
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  黑土有机碳与保护性耕作学科组

  一、学科组简介 

  黑土有机碳与保护性耕作学科组于2001年在中科院国外杰出人才项目“中国东北松嫩平原黑土区农田土壤有机碳水平现状和可增加潜力的研究”的资助下组建。重点研究由土壤管理和利用方式引起的土壤有机碳固定(Carbon Sequestration)及其机制;土地利用方式改变引起的土壤有机碳质、量的演变与全球变化的关系;建立以保护性耕作(Conservation Tillage)措施为核心的黑土地保护利用技术体系。自2002年以来发表相关论文153篇,含SCI检索论文58篇。 

  二、队伍组成 

  组长:梁爱珍研究员 

  成员:贾淑霞 副研究员;张士秀 副研究员;陈学文 助理研究员 

  三、在研项目 

  1.中科院前沿科学研究重点计划项目(“拔尖青年科学家”) ,保护性耕作下农田黑土结构-动物-微生物互作对有机碳稳定性的影响机制,梁爱珍 ,2016-2021

  2.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所“一三五”战略规划项目,退化薄层黑土农田保护性耕作技术研究与示范,梁爱珍,2016-2020 

  3.中国科学院创新促进会人才项目,保护性耕作对黑土有机碳库储量的影响,梁爱珍,2015-2018 

  4.国家自然科学基金重点项目子课题,保护性耕作下土壤动物对土壤有机碳稳定性的影响机制,梁爱珍,2015-2019 

  5.吉林省科技发展计划项目,落叶松人工林土壤养分循环,贾淑霞,2016-2019 

  6.吉林省省级产业创新专项资金项目,免耕播种机产业化和保护性耕作推广,贾淑霞,2017-2018 

  7.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所“优秀青年人才基金”项目,微食物网结构对东北农田黑土有机碳固定的作用及机理研究,张士秀,2015-2019 

  8.吉林省优秀青年人才基金项目,水稻工厂化育秧中的LED补光技术,张士秀,2018-2019 

  9.国家重点研发计划项目子课题,东北黑土区沟道侵蚀预警预报系统开发与应用,陈学文,2017-2020   

  四、科研成果 

  自2010年以来共发表论文79篇,获得奖励1项,授权专利7项,农机鉴定1项。 

  发表论文: 

  1.Wei, S.C., Zhang, X.P., McLaughlin, N.B., et al., 2017. Impact of soil water erosion processes on catchment export of soil aggregates and associated SOC. Geoderma 294:63-69. 

  2.Liang, A.Z., Zhai, Z.L., McLaughlin, N.B., et al., 2017. Lodging in corn varies with tillage and crop rotation: a case study after Typhoon Bolaven pummeling over the Black Soil zone in Northeast China. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 54:539-545. 

  3.陈学文, Cruse, R.M., Gelder, B.K., 等., 2017. 土壤侵蚀日发布系统. 土壤与作物, 6(4):312-319 

  4.Chen, X.W., Yang, J.M., Liang, A.Z., et al., 2016. Effects of Soil Compaction and Tillage Practices on Carbon Dioxide Efflux in Northeast China: Evidence from an Incubation Study. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 25(4):1769-1776. 

  5.Jia, S.X., Zhang, X.P., Chen, X.W., et al., 2016. Long-term conservation tillage influences the soil microbial community and its contribution to soil CO2 emissions in a Mallisol in Northeast China. Journal of Soils and Sediments 16: 1-12. 

  6.Liang, A.Z., Yang, X.M., Zhang, X.P., et al., 2016. Changes in soil organic carbon stocks under 10-year conservation tillage on a Black soil in Northeast China. Journal of Agricultural Science 154:1425-1436. 

  7.Sun, B.J., Jia, S.X., Zhang, S.X., et al., 2016. Tillage, seasonal and depths effects on soil microbial properties in black soil of Northeast China. Soil and Tillage Research 155:421-428. 

  8.Sun, B.J., Jia, S.X., Zhang, S.X., et al., 2016. No tillage combined with crop rotation improves soil microbial community composition and metabolic activity. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 23(7): 6472-6482. 

  9.Zhang S.X., Cui S.Y., Gong X.M., et al., 2016. Effects of gamma irradiation on soil biological communities and C and N pools in a clay loam soil. Applied Soil Ecology 108: 352-360. 

  10.Zhang S.X., Huang D.D., Yi X.Y., et al., 2016. Rice yield corresponding to the seedling growth under supplemental green light in mixed light-emitting diodes. Plant Soil and Environment 62(5): 222-229. 

  11.黄丹丹, 杨华, 伊晓燕, 等., 2016. LED补光对温室大豆光合特性及产量的影响. 云南大学学报(自然科学版), 38(6):965-973. 

  12.张延, 梁爱珍, 张晓平, 2016. 不同耕作方式下土壤水分状况对土壤呼吸的初期影响. 环境科学, 37(3):1106-1113. 

  13.Chen, X.W., Shi, X.H., Liang, A.Z., et al., 2015. Least limiting water range and soil pore-size distribution related to soil organic carbon dynamics following zero and conventional tillage of a black soil in Northeast China. Journal of Agricultural Science 153:270-281 

  14.Chen, X.W., Zhang, X.P., Liang, A.Z., et al., 2015. Evaluation of physical quality in no-till and conventional till of a Chinese mollisol. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 24(3a): 954-958 

  15.Zhang, S.X., Cheng, X.W., Jia, S.X., et al., 2015. The potential mechanism of long-term conservation tillage effects on maize yield in the black soil of Northeast China. Soil & Tillage Research 154: 84-90 

  16.Zhang, S.X., Li, Q., Lü, Y., et al., 2015. Conservation tillage positively influences the microflora and microfauna in the black soil of Northeast China. Soil & Tillage Research 149: 46-52 

  17.陈升龙, 梁爱珍, 张晓平, 等., 2013. 土壤团聚体结构与有机碳的关系、定量研究方法与展望. 土壤与作物, 4(1): 34-41 

  18.贾淑霞, 孙冰洁, 梁爱珍, 等., 2013. 耕作措施对东北黑土微生物呼吸的影响. 中国农业科学, 48(9): 1764-1773 

  19.刘四义, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2013. 玉米和大豆秸秆还田初期对黑土CO2排放的影响. 应用生态学报, 26(8): 2421-2427 

  20.刘四义, 梁爱珍, 杨学明, 等., 2013. 不同部位玉米秸秆对两种质地黑土CO2排放和微生物量的影响. 环境科学, 36(7): 2686-2694 

  21.陆彬, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2013. 农田土壤N2O排放过程及硝态氮淋失简述. 土壤与作物, 4(2): 168-175 

  22.孙冰洁, 贾淑霞, 张晓平, 等., 2013. 耕作方式对黑土表层土壤微生物生物量碳的影响. 应用生态学报, 26(1): 101-107 

  23.魏守才, 张晓平, 陈学文, 2013. 土壤水蚀对土壤有机碳动态及全球碳循环平衡的影响. 土壤与作物, 4(4): 156-162 

  24.张延, 梁爱珍, 张晓平, 等., 2013. 土壤团聚体对有机碳物理保护机制研究. 土壤与作物, 4(2): 85-90 

  25.Liang, A, Z., Zhang, X.P., Chen, S.L., et al., 2014. Short-term effects of tillage practices on soil organic carbon turnover assessed by δ13C abundance in particle-size fractions of Black soils from Northeast China. Scientific World Journal : 514183 

  26.Chen, X.W., Liang, A.Z., Jia, S.X., et al., 2014. Impact of tillage on physical characteristics in a Mollisol of Northeast China. Plant, Soil and Environment 60(7): 309-313. 

  27.Wei, S, C., Zhang, X.P., McLaughlin, N.B., et al., 2014. Effect of soil temperature and soil moisture on CO2 flux from eroded landscape positions on black soil in Northeast China. Soil & Tillage Research 144: 119-125 

  28.刘四义, 贾淑霞, 张晓平, 等., 2014. 玉米和大豆秸秆还田对黑土微生物量及呼吸的影响. 土壤与作物, 3(3): 105-111 

  29.Jia, S.X., McLaughlin, N.B., Gu, J.C., et al., 2013. Relationships between root respiration rate and root morphology, chemistry and anatomy in Larix gmelinii and Fraxinus mandshurica. Tree Physiology 33: 579-589. 

  30.Liang, A.Z., McLaughlin, N.B., Ma, B.L., et al., 2013. Changes in mouldboard plough draught and tractor fuel consumption on continuous corn after 18-year organic and inorganic N amendments. Energy 53: 89-95. 

  31.Fan, R.Q., Zhang X.P., Yang X.M., et al., 2013. Effects of tillage management on Infiltration and preferential flow in a Black Soil, Northeast China. Chinese Geographical Science 23: 312-320. 

  32.Chen, X,W., Fan, R,Q., Shi, X.H., et al., 2013. Spatial variation of penetration resistance and water content as affected by tillage and crop rotation in a black soil in Northeast China. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B-Soil & Plant Science 63(8): 740-747. 

  33.Zhang, S.X., Li, Q., Lü, Y., et al., 2013. Contributions of soil biota to C sequestration varied with aggregate fractions under different tillage. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 62: 147-156. 

  34.Fan, R.Q., Zhang, X.P., Shen, Y., et al., 2013. Near-infrared spectroscopic assessment of hot water extractable and oxidizable organic carbon in cultivated and uncultivated Mollisols in China. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B-Soil and Plant Science 63: 37-45.  

  35.Fan, R.Q., Yang, X.M., Drury C.F., et al., 2013. Distribution and stability of organic carbon in soil aggregate external and internal layers underthree different land-use systems. Soil Science Society of America Journal 77(5): 1625-1635. 

  36.陈学文, 王农, 时秀焕, 等., 2013. 基于最小限制水分范围评价不同耕作方式对土壤有机碳的影响. 生态学报, 33(9): 2676-2683. 

  37.孙冰洁, 张晓平, 贾淑霞, 2013. 农田土壤理化性质对土壤微生物群落的影响. 土壤与作物, 2(3): 138-144. 

  38.Fan, R.Q., Zhang, X.P., Liang, A,Z., et al., 2012. Tillage and rotation effects on crop yield and profitability on a Black Soil in northeast China. Can.J.Soil Sci, 92: 463-470 

  39.Fan, R.Q., Yang, X.M., Xie, H.T., et al., 2012. Determination of nutrients in hydroponic solutions using mid-infrared spectroscopy. Scientia Horticulturae 144: 48-54 

  40.Shi, X.H., Zhang, X.P., Yang, X.M., et al., 2012. Contribution of winter soil respiration to annual soil CO2 emission in Mollisol different tillage practices in northeast China. Global Biogeochem Cycles 26: doi.org/10.1029/2011GB004054 

  41.Shi, X.H., Yang, X.M., Drury, C.F., et al., 2012. Impact of ridge tillage on soil organic carbon and selected physical properties of a clay loam in southwestern Ontario. Soil & Tillage Research, 120: 1-7 

  42.Zhang, S.X., Li, Q., Zhang, X.P., et al., 2012. Effects of conservation tillage on soil aggregation and aggregate binding agents in black soil Northeast China. Soil & Tillage Research 124: 196-202 

  43.陈学文, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2012. 耕作方式对黑土硬度和容重的影响. 应用生态学报, 23(2): 439-444. 

  44.陈学文, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2012. 耕作方式对黑土耕层空隙分布和水分特征的影响. 干旱区资源与环境, 26(6): 114-120. 

  45.陈学文, 王农, 刘亚军, 等., 2012. 不同耕作处理下冻融对农田黑土硬度的影响. 水土保持通报, 32(6): 1-6. 

  46.陈晓侠, 梁爱珍, 张晓平, 2012. 土壤团聚体固碳的研究方法. 应用生态学报, 23(7): 1999-2006. 

  47.范如芹, 杨学明, 张晓平, 等., 2012. 东北黑土不同组分有机碳的近红外光谱测定. 光谱学与光谱分析, 32(2): 349-353. 

  48.范如芹, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2012. 不同蚯蚓采样方法对比研究. 生态学报, 32(12): 4154-4159. 

  49.范如芹, 申艳, 杨学明, 等., 2012. 黑土腐殖酸的近红外光谱测定. 光谱学与光谱分析, 32(10): 349-353. 

  50.Chen, X.W., Shi, X.H., Zhang, X.P., et al., 2011. NO-TILLAGE IMPACTS ON SOIL ORGANIC CARBON IN A BLACK SOIL IN NORTHEAST CHINA. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 20(12): 3199-3205 

  51.Ding, X.L., Zhang, B., Zhang, X.D., et al., 2011. Effects of tillage and crop rotation on soil microbial residues in a rainfed agroecosystem of northeast China. Soil & Tillage Research 114: 43-49 

  52.Luo, J.M., Yang, F., Wang, Y.J., et al., 2011. Mechanism of Salt-accumulation in Saline Region of Songnen Plain in Northeast of China as Affected by Shallow Groundwater Table. Arid Land Research and Management 25(3): 234-256 

  53.Liang, A.Z., Zhang, X.P., McLaughlin, N.B., et al., 2011. Short-term effects of tillage practices on soil aggregate fractions in a Chinese Mollisol. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B-P Soil and Plant Science 61: 535- 542. 

  54.Jia, S.X., Wang, Z.Q., Li, X.P., et al., 2011. Fine root respiration increases with root branch order, nitrogen availability and temperature in larix gmelinii and fraxinus mandshurica. Tree Physiology 31(7): 718-726.  

  55.Shi, X.H., Yang, X.M., Drury, C.F., et al., 2011. Impact of Zone Tillage on Organic Carbon Distribution and Storage in a Clay Loam Soil in Southwestern Ontario. Soil Science Society of American Journal 75(3): 1083-1089. 

  56.陈学文, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2011. 不同耕作方式对黑土农田温湿效应影响研究. 大豆科学, 30(5): 764-768 

  57.范如芹, 梁爱珍, 杨学明, 等., 2011. 耕作与轮作方式对黑土有机碳和全氮储量的影响. 土壤学报, 48(4): 788-796. 

  58.李文凤, 梁爱珍, 张晓平, 等., 2011. 短期免耕对黑土有机碳、全氮和速效养分的影响. 土壤通报, 42(3): 664-669 

  59.Cheng, S.L., Fang, H.J., Zhu, T.H., et al., 2010. Effects of soil erosion and deposition on soil organic carbon dynamics at a sloping field in Black Soil region, Northeast China. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 56(4): 521-529. 

  60.Fan, R.Q., Zhang, X.P., Liang, A.Z., et al., 2010. Tillage and rotation effects on crop yield and profitability on a clay loam soil in Northeast China. New Advances in Research and Management of World Mollisols 13-16: 214-215 

  61.Jia, S.X., Wang, Z.Q., Li, X.P., et al., 2010. N fertilization affects on soil respiration, microbial biomass and root respiration in Larix gmelinii and Fraxinus mandshurica plantations in China. Plant and Soil 333: 325-336.  

  62.Liang, A.Z., Yang, X.M., Zhang, X.P., et al., 2010. Short-Term Impacts of No Tillage on Aggregate-Associated C in Black Soil of Northeast China. Agricultural Sienices in China 9(1): 93-100 

  63.Luo, J.M., Wang, Y.J., Ye, Y,J., et al., 2010. Influence of Rice-cultivation on Preferential Flow of Sodic Alkaline Soil in Northeast of China. Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), Asia-Pacific (pp. 1-5). IEEE. 

  64.Yang, X.M., Zhang, X.P., Zhang, X.D., et al., 2010. Conservation tillage:a promosing solution for rebuilding fertile a horizons of black soils in Northeast China. New Advances in Research and Management of World Mollisols 13-16: 212-213 

  65.Zhang, X.P., Liang, A.Z., Shen, Y., et al., 2010. Soil organic carbon dynamics in physical fractions in Black soils of Northeast China. 19 th World Congress of Soil Science. 

  66.范如芹, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2010. 蚯蚓野外采样方法研究进展. 应用生态学报, 21(6): 1589-1595 

  67.范如芹, 张晓平, 杨学明, 等., 2010. 耕作方式对黑土团聚体含量及特征的影响. 中国农业科学, 48(18): 3767-3775 

  68.李文凤, 范如芹, 张晓平, 等., 2010. 短期免耕对黑土孔隙度的影响. 农业系统科学与综合研究, 26(4): 458-462 

  69.梁爱珍, 张晓平, Neil McLaughlin, 等., 2010. 黑土颗粒态有机碳与矿物结合态有机碳的变化研究. 土壤学报, 47(1): 153-158 

  70.罗金明, 王永洁, 邓伟, 等., 2010. 浅地下水埋深微域尺度苏打盐渍土的积盐机理探讨. 土壤学报, 47(2): 238-245 

  71.罗金明, 王永洁, 邓伟, 等., 2010. 基于小波分析的苏打盐渍土的水盐变化特征. 土壤通报, 41(3): 688-694 

  72.申艳, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2010. 近红外光谱分析法测定东北黑土有机碳和全氮含量. 应用生态学报, 21(1): 109-114 

  73.申艳, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2010. 近红外光谱分析法在土壤有机质研究中的应用. 核农学报, 24(1): 199-207 

  74.申艳, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2010. 光谱预处理及不同光谱区对黑土有机碳近红外光谱模型的影响. 土壤学报, 45(5): 1005-1012 

  75.申艳, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2010. 多远散射校正和逐步回归法建立黑土有机碳近红外光谱定量模型. 农业系统科学与综合研究, 26(2): 174-180 

  76.时秀焕, 申艳, 张晓平, 等., 2010. 土壤CO2排放主要影响因素的研究进展. 土壤通报, 41(3): 761-768 

  77.时秀焕, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2010. 短期免耕对黑土硝态氮的影响. 农业系统科学与综合研究, 26(3): 344-348 

  78.时秀焕, 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 等., 2010. 利用最小限制水分范围评价短期免耕对黑土有机碳矿化的影响. 中国农业科学, 43(20): 4207-4213. 

  79.张彬, 白震, 解宏图, 等., 2010. 保护性耕作对黑土微生物群落的影响. 中国生态农业学报, 01: 83-88 

  奖励: 

  梁爱珍, 张晓平, 贾淑霞, 张士秀, 范如芹, 陈学文, 方华军, 时秀焕, 东北农田黑土有机碳的固定潜力和机制研究, 吉林省科技厅, 自然科学, 省部二等奖, 2016.11.01 

  授权专利: 

  1. 张晓平, 戚强, 杨华, 王瑞光, 陈学文, 张士秀, 黄丹丹, 梁爱珍, 一种实现LED散热补光和滴灌喷灌的设施农业系统, 2016.09.07, 中国, ZL201620245367.4 

  2. 贾淑霞, 陈学文, 梁爱珍, 张士秀, 一种免耕装置, 2016.02.24, 中国, ZL2015207511084 

  3. 贾淑霞, 陈学文, 梁爱珍, 张士秀, 一种免耕灌溉、播种装置, 2016.02.24, 中国, ZL2015207328549 

  4. 刘四义, 张晓平, 贾淑霞, 孙冰洁, 陈升龙, 一种室内培养条件下采用封闭动态系统测定培养物质的CO2产生速率的方法, 2015.6.17, 中国, ZL201410035448.7 

  5. 张晓平, 梁爱珍, 贾淑霞, 陈学文, 牵引式两行免耕播种机主体框架, 2014.04.16, 中国, ZL 201320680745.8 

  6. 张晓平, 徐亚东, 梁爱珍, 贾淑霞, 陈学文, 王健, 一种牵引式行宽可调免耕播种机, 2014.08.20, 中国, ZL 201420220536.X 

  7. 张晓平,徐亚东,梁爱珍,贾淑霞, 陈学文,王健, 免耕播种机上肥料箱和变速箱之间的减阻装置, 2014.08.21, 中国, ZL 201420209008.4 

  农机鉴定: 

  徐亚东, 张晓平, 陈学文, 梁爱珍, 贾淑霞, 张士秀, 免耕精量播种机, 2016.01.15, 中科东地和东北地理所, 吉农机鉴 2015-14 

 
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